South African’s National Liberation Movement

Close this search box.


Mineral wealth beneath the soil and mines should be transfered to the ownership of the people as a whole

In opening the ANC YL Political School on the 1st of July 2009, our call for the nationalisation of mines ignited a necessary reaction and overreactions from various quarters of society, often reflective of the class interests of the people who reacted. In the call for nationalisation of mines, we went further to assert that this will not please everyone, and that is why we are not shocked that certain people, particularly the representatives of big business are not happy. What surprises us though, it is those within our ranks who oppose the call for the nationalisation of mines, because this is a call of the Freedom Charter, which says unequivocally that “the mineral wealth beneath the soil, monopoly industries and banks shall be transferred to the ownership of the people as a whole”. The people as a whole is vividly distinguishable from State rentals of mineral wealth to big corporations who brutally exploit labour and unsustainably exploit mineral wealth to make big profits.   

The Freedom Charter is a the clearest expression of what the ANC and alliance partners seek to achieve in South Africa and any person who is against the Charter is against the aims of the ANC and the revolutionary alliance. Those who are tired of leading the African National Congress will dare oppose its ideals, because the declaration all members sign when joining the ANC commit all members to abide the aims and objectives of the Freedom Charter. As defenders of the revolution we will have a permanent problem with any member or leader of the ANC who opposes the Freedom Charter in an attempt to please the minority owners of Mines and mineral resources.   

The ANC YL has a responsibility historically to come with new ideas and methods of engagement towards the attainment of our ultimate goal. We are not prisoners of previous Congresses’ resolutions even when material conditions have objectively shifted. So those who intend to silence us on the basis of resolutions should rethink their method of engagement, and understand that we can analyse and think on our own. We have a responsibility to break new ground and propose to the movement new tactics towards the attainment of our Strategic goal, and we will not allow anyone to take away such an important character of the ANC YL.  

Our call for nationalisation of mines is in such a manner where the State will own mineral wealth and mines as a custodian of the entire South African population, and not a custodian of few big-businesses. All South Africans should equitably benefit from State owned and controlled mines and we are not mistaken when we make the call for the nationalisation of Mines. We are vividly aware of the Minerals and Petroleum Resources Development Act (MPRDA) which retains State control of all mineral rights, but what we are calling for is State ownership and control of both the mineral wealth beneath the soil, and the extraction and production of these mineral resources in Mines thereof.  

Why is it that South Africa should be criminalised for nationalising our mineral wealth, whilst the big capitalists’ States like the United States are nationalising their corporations in their countries. We should refuse to be controlled by imperialist forces whose interests will never converge with the interests of the South African population. Theirs is to make big profits at the expense of South Africans’ labour and mineral resources, and this is historically the root of racial oppression. Racial oppression in South Africa is a direct consequence of colonialists’ control of South Africa’s mineral resources, and we have a responsibility to reverse such phenomenon.  

During the 2009 State of the Nation address, President Jacob Zuma said: “The creation of decent work will be at the centre of our economic policies and will influence our investment attraction and job-creation initiatives”. It is our firm belief that if job-creation is genuinely at the centre of economic policies, then the State should own and control mineral wealth and mines so as to attract labour absorptive industrialists who will beneficiate our minerals resources and diversify South Africa’s economy. The beneficiation of the mineral resources and diversification of the economy will never happen if minerals and mines are still controlled by the current owners, because their interests are only confined with exporting South Africa’s minerals to the bigger economies.   

The threats of disinvestment are simply threats that cannot disorientate the South African economy. The investors need South Africa’s economic resources, labour and expanding market as much as we appreciate their investments. They are investing in South Africa because they want to benefit, not because they are doing us a favour. So the threats of disinvestment are really hollow. As we said before, nationalisation of mines will not please everyone, and the ANC government should appreciate that in a class divided society like South Africa, some decisions will not go well with certain sections of society. We should be decisive and mobilise the people to understand that we need to nationalise mines in order to benefit all South Africans. Those who are calling for an open debate around the whole issue are welcome, as this will assist the people to decide their destiny and concretely affirm that indeed the mineral wealth beneath the soil should benefit all the people.   

Julius Malema – ANC YL President

More Articles

 Water Scarcity in SA
17 November 2022
South Africa’s GBV scourge is a tale of two tragedies 6 November 2022
Social compacts integral to SA’s development 09 October 2022
A prosperous SA depends on unified, focused ANC 02 September 2022
Recovery may be slow and imperceptible but it is under way 21 August 2022
Violating the rights of women and girls will not stop HIV and AIDS: The folly of forced virginity testing 
Nkandla needs sober minds
Sterile thinking inflicted Dr. Pityana
Mangaung – Leaders account to members
Lessons for the ANC from Polokwane Conference
Long road from KZN to Mangaung
United Nations and the African National Congress partners in the Struggle against Apartheid
The Women’s Liberation Struggle
Violence – It`s everyone`s issue
Happy Birthday Tata Madiba
Article based on a speech delivered at an informal meeting of the UN General Assembly on Nelson Mandela International Day
The touchy issue of sex work cannot be overlooked
The content of the Constitution must align with its intent
GANDHI and the formation of The African National Congress of South Africa
Why concerted campaign against the ANC in Limpopo and the ANCYL?
Nelson Mandela: The Symbol of Resistance
We will never be diverted
THE NDR, African Leadership and Non-Racialism
Mineral wealth beneath the soil and mines should be transfered to the ownership of the people as a whole
Youth Month and Beyond: The ANCYL remains a home for all young people
Our generation should fulfil its mission in defence of the ANC
The Youth stands to benefit more on the continuation of affirmative action and Black Economic Empowerment
Albert Luthuli and the African National Congress: A Bio-Bibliography Author(s): Dorothy C. Woodson
There are no ANC Camps, article by Jacob Zuma and Thabo Mbeki
The Democratic Alliance is suffering from willful amnesia
People`s Power – the 20th Anniversary of the UDF
The road to chaos can be stopped in Kwazulu Natal
The Defiance Campaign: After 50 years, the spirit of service and sacrifice lives on
Women and the African National Congress: 1912-1943
ANC was his family, the struggle was his life: A tribute to Govan Mbeki
Hambe Kahle, Govan Mbeki
Hamba kahle Oom Gov
Nelson Mandela Foundation responds to report in the Daily Telegraph
Article by Dr Zweli Mkhize on the HIV/AIDS debate
DP Bugging Allegation
Comments by Dr Delport on a speech by President Mbeki at the International Anti-Corruption Conference
A Note to our Revolutionary Comrades in Government
Never mind the elephants – what about farmworkers?
The Moral Renewal of the Nation
The Struggle for Democracy is not over
A two thirds majority: The New Swart Gevaar
Opposition parties must learn to tolerate criticism
Toward Robben Island: The Rivonia Trial
The ANC`s second submission to the TRC: Behind South Africa`s Low-Intensity War
Talking To Vula
Some Personal Recollections of the Free Nelson Mandela Campaign
Introduction to Issue of Forbes Magazine Devoted to the New South Africa
The Future of South Africa by Nelson Mandela
Article by Nelson Mandela in Foreign Affairs, Vol. 72, No.5
Democracy – The only solution
Mahatma Gandhi and John Dube
Rivonia: telling it as it was
Free Nelson Mandela – an account of the Campaign to Free Nelson Mandela and all other Political Prisoners in South Africa
Olof Palme and the liberation of Southern Africa by Oliver Tambo
Oliver Tambo
Where Freedom Is Treason: Article on the Thirtieth Anniversary of the Treason Trial
Campaign of Defiance against Unjust Laws – recalled
Day of solidarity with political prisoners in South Africa
The Wankie Campaign
Article by Oliver Tambo – In the observer
Introduction to Selected Writings on the Freedom Charter – 1955-1985
The Freedom Charter – Equal Rights and Freedoms
Govan Mbeki – Isithwalandwe
The Freedom Charter a beacon to the people of South Africa
Congress of the People – I was there
Article by Oliver Tambo in World Marxist Review
The Great Battle: The Story of African Resistance in 1879
Mandela and our Revolution
The African Miners` Strike Of 1946
Drawing up the Demands of the Freedom Charter
The Defiance Campaign Recalled
Apartheid – A threat to Africa`s survival – Article by Oliver Tambo
Paper prepared at the request of the Special Committee against Apartheid
Article by Timothy Bennett-Smyth on Transcontinental Connections: Alfred B Xuma and the ANC on the World Stage
“Passive resistance in South Africa” by Olive Tambo
This item by Oliver Tambo was published as the introduction to the book “No Easy Walk to Freedom” by Ruth First
“What I would do if I were Prime Minister” by Albert Luthuli
“The Lutuli story” An Autobiographical article
“If I were Prime Minister”: Article by Albert Luthuli
“What I think of Macmillan`s speech”: Article by Albert Luthuli
Article by W.M. Sisulu – “Congress and the Africanists”
Does The Freedom Charter mean Socialism?
Article in Liberation by W.M. Sisulu – “Boycott as a Political Weapon”
South Africa`s struggle for Democracy by W.M. Sisulu
Freedom in our Lifetime
In the Transkei, where famine rules, people fear the future by W.M. Sisulu
Article in Liberation by W.M. Sisulu: The extension of the pass laws
Spectre of Belsen and Buchenwald: Life under apartheid by Nelson Mandela
Article in Fighting Talk by W.M. Sisulu: Forward with the Freedom Charter
Extract from the third report of the United Nations Commission on the Racial Situation in the Union of South Africa
Call to A. N. C. Ranks by Albert Luthuli
Towards Democratic Unity by Nelson Mandela
How Congress began
The Story of Defiance
We defy – 10,000 volunteers protest against unjust laws
`We defy` – 10,000 volunteers protest against `unjust laws`
Pass Law Resisters, Native Case Stated – Report on interview with I Bud Mbelle, JW Dunjwa, and PJ Motsoakae of the ANNC
Native Union
The Regeneration of Africa